Breaking the Rule of Thirds

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The rule of thirds equally divides a frame with two horizontal and two vertical lines. The resulting overlay is used for composing and arranging subjects within the image. This technique is helpful for creating images that guide viewers through various parts of the image, but it is by no means a rule of law.


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摄影中的三分法,是用两条水平线和两条垂直线平均地分割画面,方便拍摄者去构图或安排拍摄对象的位置。这个技巧有助于做出更精致的构图,引导观众的视线经过图像每一个部分。但这绝对不是你必须遵守的法则。

Break the Rules / 打破规则

Breaking the rules and finding the exceptions can be a great process for discovering new looks that stand out from the crowd. Here are a few ways you can reframe your image without using the rule of thirds.


打破规则、找到例外,是一个尝新和让作品脱颖而出的好方法。不需要使用三分法,你可以通过以下几种方法尝试新的构图:

1 — Align Center /  对齐中心

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Rather than using guides that split the frame into thirds, try using one line along each axis to create a single intersection point at the very center of the frame. This creates a much more symmetrical layout, especially when used with square images.


不再将画面分割为三等分,而是找到画面的中心点,以创建更加对称的布局。尤其当你创作的图像是方形的时候。
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2 — Work the Edges / 运用边角

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By turning your attention to the edges of the frame, you can create unique compositions that diverge from more traditional approaches. This also tends to create areas of negative space within the image, which itself can turn into a creative tool. Try this if you want to experiment with a more minimal look.


将注意力转移到画面的边缘地区,你可以创造有别于传统的独特构图。比如说,在容易被人忽略的负空间(在既定范围里,主体和其连动元素之外的空间)里创作,可以发挥出精彩的创意。如果你想要让画面看起来再极简一点,就可以尝试此种方法。
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3 — Fill the Frame / 填满画面

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Stretching subjects across the entire frame is another way of breaking free of the rule of thirds. If you have a subject that repeats a pattern, or if you’re wanting to abstract a subject by getting in close, try allowing it to fill the image from edge to edge. This creates a singular visual plane that forces the viewer to seek out points of reference.


将主体填满整个画面,是摆脱三分法的另一种方式。如果你拍摄的主体是重复的图案,或是你想通过近距离拍摄使主体抽象化,尝试将它从边缘延伸到另一边缘,完全填满画面。这会创造出一种奇特的视觉感受,迫使观众去寻找一个基准点,而更沉浸在画面其中。
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